Cambridge history essay competition 2011

Not content with stripping off the false colours from the frail fair (one of whose crimes it is not to have been young) the poet makes a ‘swan-like end,’ and falls foul of men of genius, fancy, and sentiment in general, as impostors and mountebanks, who feel the least themselves of what they describe and make others feel. Were we to reflect upon it, such accompaniment must in all cases diminish the probability of the action, and render the representation still less like nature than it otherwise would be. It would be improper, however, to say that those scenes imitated the gay, the calm, or the melancholy mood of the mind; they may produce in their turn each of those moods, but they cannot imitate any of them. The present proprietor’s highly respected ancestor, about fifty years since, purchased the manor, when it was of little value, being generally flooded, and having expended a considerable sum of money in draining the marshes, repairing the sea-bank, and making a road to Somerton, an adjoining village leading to Yarmouth, has rendered it one of the most fertile estates in the county. Such a musician too may have a certain degree of merit, not unlike that of a man of great learning, who wants fancy, taste, and invention. He might almost have been a great realist; he is killed by conventions which were suitable for the preceding literary generation, but not for his. The later deposits of the Age of Stone show that the early workmen had acquired another manner of dressing their material; they rubbed one stone against another, thus grinding it down to a sharp polished edge. Oh! His best work is about half imagination and half form. Their dogmatical tone, their arrogance, their supercilious treatment of the pretensions of others, their vulgar conceit and satisfaction in their own peculiar tenets, so far from convincing me that they are right, convince me that they must be wrong (except by accident, or by mechanically parroting others); for no one ever thought for himself, or looked attentively at truth and nature, that did not feel his own insufficiency and the difficulty and delicacy of his task. But neither will this answer the end. 20. A parent without parental tenderness, a child devoid of all filial reverence, appear monsters, the objects, not of hatred only, but of horror to their neighbours. The collection of the sacred funerary texts into the famous ritual known as “The Book of the Dead,” dates from this time. In a diet held at Mainz, the duke was commanded to disprove the charge by doing battle with his accuser within six weeks. Father Montoya calls special attention to this in the first words of his _Advertencia_ to his _Tesoro_. Without that living criterion, we shall be either tame and mechanical, or turgid and extravagant. The objects of science, and of all the steady judgments of the understanding, must be permanent, unchangeable, always existent, and liable neither to generation nor corruption, nor alteration of any kind. Though man, therefore, be naturally endowed with a desire of the welfare and preservation of society, yet the Author of nature has not entrusted it to his reason to find out that a certain application of punishments is the proper means of attaining this end; but has endowed him with an immediate and instinctive approbation of that very application which is most proper to attain it. Thus, all other things being equal, increase of book collection increase of circulation, increase of staff, etc., would approximately mean increase of cost in direct proportion; or, at any rate, not in any way cambridge history essay competition 2011 involving powers above the first. This particular man had worked for years in and about a summer camp and had thus associated with people from the city whose appreciation of the fine prospects from cliff and summit was unusually keen. [Picture: No. Those even who have done the greatest things, were not always perhaps the greatest men. The reservoir which in the past supplied the stream of national gaiety has certainly fallen and threatens even to dry up. When he puts himself in their situation, he immediately feels that he cannot be too prodigal of his blood, if, by shedding it, he can promote so valuable a purpose. Quant a la societe en elle-meme, on peut prevoir que ce soin qu’elle met a eprouver de l’emoi par l’art, devenant cause a son tour, y rendra la soif de ce plaisir de plus en plus intense, l’application a la satisfaire de plus en plus jalouse et plus perfectionnee. How much more must this effect happen, if we lay cambridge history essay competition 2011 aside speech (our distinguishing faculty) altogether, or try to ‘gabble most brutishly,’ measure good and evil by the steps of a dance, and breathe our souls away in dying swan-like symphonies! His lectures on the circulation of the blood, seem to have been most strongly impressed upon his memory. The pleasure of hating, like a poisonous mineral, eats into the heart of religion, and turns it to rankling spleen and bigotry; it makes patriotism an excuse for carrying fire, pestilence, and famine into other lands: it leaves to virtue nothing but the spirit of censoriousness, and a narrow, jealous, inquisitorial watchfulness over the actions and motives of others. ‘Can the Ethiopian change his skin, or the leopard his spots?’ Neither do these wretched persons find any satisfaction or consciousness of their power, but in being a plague and a torment to themselves and every one else as long as they can. I wish, sir, that gentlemen would be a little more cautious, and consider that the yoke we are framing for the despised colonists may be tied round our own necks!” Even Burke was heard to lift a warning voice against the proposed innovation, and the obnoxious clause had to be struck out before the ministerial majority could pass the bill.[813] Something was said about reforming the law throughout the empire, but it was not done, and the beauty of the “great pillar of the constitution,” the appeal of death, was shown when the nineteenth century was disgraced by the resurrection of all the barbaric elements of criminal jurisprudence. It is only in order to render some things, which I shall have occasion to say hereafter, intelligible to such readers as may not have had an opportunity of studying his book, that I have presumed to treat of the same subject, after so great a master. For you must know, I am a great lover of strict Justice, and therefore would by no means Rob, or Defraud him of the Glory of his Invention, or by any sinister way sullie, or diminish the Honour, or Reputation of his Parts and Ingenuity. There appears to be no natural necessity for evil, but that there is a perfect indifference to good without it. We do not reproach him for preferring, apparently, Euripides to ?schylus. One of these Spheres, for example, had an oscillatory motion, like the circular pendulum of a watch. It lacked active expression, simply because our lack of Hungarian books was a well known fact.

Scarce a word, scarce a gesture, can fall from him that is cambridge history essay competition 2011 altogether neglected. Many of these unquestionably arose long after man had acquired well-developed languages, and when the cerebral convolutions whose activity is manifested in articulate expression had acquired a high grade of development through hereditary training. 28.—A caricature of Johanna Southcott’s followers 195 _Illustrated by a Portrait_ 195 Case No. And why? From the peculiar circumstances? I quote in connection an interesting passage by the native historian, Fernando de Alva Ixtlilxochitl in his _Historia Chichimeca_, published in Lord Kingsborough’s great work on Mexico (Vol. This common-sense, as its name plainly tells us, is essentially a social phenomenon. We wonder at the change, and think there must be some mistake, some leger-de-main trick played off upon us, by which what before appeared so fine now appears to be so worthless. The imitation of the manners of high life by the middle class is in most cases a pretty clear acknowledgment of a superior social quality. To have this privilege always at hand, and to be circled by that spell whenever we chuse, with an ‘_Enter Sessami_,’ is better than sitting at the lower end of the tables of the Great, than eating awkwardly from gold plate, than drinking fulsome toasts, or being thankful for gross favours, and gross insults! The opinion of other people becomes, in this case, of the utmost importance to him. Both philosophies are popularizations: the moment an idea has been transferred from its pure state in order that it may become comprehensible to the inferior intelligence it has lost contact with art. He is expecting contact, but cannot be sure of the exact moment or of the locality. Necessity has no choice. So of the African Hottentots and Kafirs, according to the authority already quoted.[174] Of the Tahitians it is said that the jests played off at their expense are never taken in ill part.[175] It is evident that the rougher kinds of jocosity here described allow considerable scope for something of the spirit of superiority and contempt. But Sir Isaac Newton, from mechanical principles, concluded, that, as the parts of the Earth must be more agitated by her diurnal revolution at the Equator, than at the Poles, they must necessarily be somewhat elevated at the first, and flattened at the second. This enables us in a measure to define the limits of the region known to the human race at this, its earliest epoch; with our present deficient knowledge we can do so only partially and by exclusion. In a sequestered nook a slender youth with purple face and drooping head, nodding over a glass of gin toddy, breathes in tender accents—‘There’s nought so sweet on earth as Love’s young dream;’ while ‘Rosy Ann’ takes its turn, and ‘Scots wha hae wi’ Wallace bled’ is thundered forth in accents that might wake the dead. He walks the earth like a withered thing, Whose lamp of life is dim. sc. Is change to go on in this direction? Herrera, who spells it _Tulo_, by an error, is just as erroneous in his suggestion of a meaning. There is deep philosophy in this. Enough instances of it are to be found in their early history to show that it was by no means uncommon;[308] and, at a later period, the same absence of reference to it is observable in the Lex Emendata of Charlemagne, though the capitularies of that monarch frequently allude to it as a legal process in general use. One is tempted, too, to follow this course by the fact, recognised in common language, that much, at least, of the later and more refined laughter is analogous to the effect of tickling.[119] Nevertheless, as we have seen, the best evidence attainable points to the conclusion that this simple form of the laughter of social play was preceded by, and grew out of, a less specialised kind of laughter, that of sudden accession of pleasure. Then, indeed, would the fire of Divine Love purify the earth of the human mind;—then would the oil of charity be the fuel on the altar of every heart;—then would the light of Divine Wisdom ascend into understanding, there to remain a sun without clouds for ever. {95}—Yet I believe it is a fact, that there are the fewest accidents where to appearance the greatest liberty is given, {96} harsh measures always increase the evils which they would pretend to cure; but should one accident occur under this mild system, the person adopting it would be more blamed than he who had twenty accidents on the old plan.—With the first system, it is often difficult to persuade the friends of the patients to concur and co-operate.—The family dispositions often render this probable; nor can we always blame them: but he who undertakes this charge, while he endeavours to persuade and conciliate as far as possible, must in many cases feel himself called upon to act with decision.—If he adopts the fears and prejudices of others, then his system will become one of duplicity and tyranny, exciting suspicion and vindictiveness, destructive alike of all confidence and chance of cure; for unless we acquire the confidence of the patient, no good can be done; mutual distrust will end in absolute slavery and restraint to the patient, and in the baneful habit of exercising the love of power on the part of those who have the superintendance.—Hence the evils apprehended by their friends as cambridge history essay competition 2011 likely to arise out of the patient’s vindictive state, will be most effectually established and increased. It will be noted that the fourth line: With blooms more white than Erycina’s brows is Marlowe’s contribution. She was a person of a highly sanguine temperament, possessing by nature great capabilities, but her intellectual powers had not, by education or circumstances in life, been so much developed and increased as her energetic feelings, which were most excitable, strong, and active. In the morning he was found with the half of him towards St. The legists who were endeavoring to eradicate the feudal customs could not expect the community to share their admiration of the Roman law, and naturally grasped with eagerness the advantage offered them in adducing the example of ecclesiastical institutions. ‘To excel in conversation,’ said an ingenious man, ‘one must not be always striving to say good things: to say one good thing, one must say many bad, and more indifferent ones.’ This desire to shine without the means at hand, often makes men silent:— ‘The fear of being silent strikes us dumb.’ A writer who has been accustomed to take a connected view of a difficult question, and to work it out gradually in all its bearings, may be very deficient in that quickness and ease, which men of the world, who are in the habit of hearing a variety of opinions, who pick up an observation on one subject, and another on another, and who care about none any farther than the passing away of an idle hour, usually acquire. Soon there was a further step, in making which the library took over services whose connection with its primary business was not so clear. And what is true of genius is also true of ordinarily good work–the work that you and I are trying to do in our libraries. Cambridge essay 2011 history competition.

This closeness of contact with a public collection of books is largely a modern idea. CONFLICTS OF JURISDICTION IN LIBRARY SYSTEMS[14] At bottom, a departmental system in a large institution is simply an outcome of the fact that its head requires aid in administration. I had reason for my prejudice in favour of this author. TORTURE IN EGYPT AND ASIA. In Shakespeare the form is determined in the unity of the whole, as well as single scenes; it is something to attain this unity, as Rostand does, in scenes if not the whole play. Look at the company in a country-theatre (in comparison) and see the coldness, the sullenness, the want of sympathy, and the way in which they turn round to scan and scrutinise one another. Moralists exhort us to charity and compassion. It would be hard to tell just how much altruism and how much selfishness we have here and the instance shows how subtle are the gradations from one motive to the other. Nay, in those cases in which we have been less successful, even the vague hypothesis of Des Cartes, and the yet more indetermined notions of Aristotle, have, with their followers, contributed to give some coherence to the appearances of nature, and might diminish, though they could not destroy, their wonder. Without the survival of this defensive mechanism of fear and horror, Poe’s tales would have no dominion over the human mind. The revolution of the heavens, those of the Sun, Moon, and Five Planets, {389} by producing the vicissitudes of Day and Night, and of the Seasons, prevented this torpor and inactivity from reigning through the inferior parts of nature; inflamed by the rapidity of their circumvolutions, the element of Fire, and forced it violently downwards into the Air, into the Water, and into the Earth, and thereby produced those mixtures of the different elements which kept up the motion and circulation of the lower parts of Nature; occasioned, sometimes, the entire transmutation of one element into another, and sometimes the production of forms and species different from them all, and in which, though the qualities of them all might be found, they were so altered and attempered by the mixture, as scarce to be distinguishable. Windham was allowed to have been more _brilliant_ than ever.[49] Mr. Fannius. It is accordingly, by nature, most strongly recommended to us. They are critical in examining volunteers into the service. In sooth, I swear, Gentles, so help me God, no more Are ye the freemen that ye were! But in rejecting the ideas of things as themselves the ultimate grounds and proper objects of action, and referring the mind to the things themselves as the only solid basis of a rational and durable interest, what do we do but go back to the first direct idea of the object, which as it represents that object is as distinct from any secondary reflection on, or oblique consciousness of, itself as an absolute thing, the object of thought, as a sensation can be different from an idea, or a present impression from a future one. As a watering place Cromer richly deserves the celebrity it has attained; and the encomiums conferred by those who have visited it during the summer months, are certainly not exaggerated. And if he has not the balance of the critic, he has some other equipoise of his own. This is a good deal like petitioning the legislature to pass a law specifying exactly when a child shall obey his father and when the mayor of the city. was then waging too uncompromising a war with the corroding abuse of simony for his lieutenant to yield to any bribe, however dazzling; the proffer was spurned, Manasses confessed his guilt by absence, and was accordingly deposed.[174] Incidents like this, however, did not destroy confidence in the system, for, some sixty years later, we find Innocent II. But we have not yet done so, and popularization proceeds slowly. To punish in this manner the author of bad tidings, seems barbarous and inhuman: yet, to reward the messenger of good news, is not disagreeable to us; we think it suitable to the bounty of kings. Dr. Subsequently the noble wrote to him that he had tried it with six other indubitable witches, and that it had failed with all, showing that it was a false indication, which might deceive incautious judges.[1038] Oldenkop, on the other hand, relates that he was present when some suspected women were tried in this manner, who all floated, after which one of the spectators, wholly innocent of the crime, to satisfy the curiosity of some nobles who were present, allowed himself for hire to be tied and thrown in, when he likewise floated and could not be made to sink by all the efforts of the officiating executioner.[1039] In 1594, a more authoritative combatant entered the arena—Jacob Rickius, a learned jurisconsult of Cologne, who, as judge in the court of Bonn, had ample opportunity of considering the question and of putting his convictions into practice. Probably it is not too much to say that the whole problem of Christian Unity is but a phase of this general question of duplication and cambridge history essay competition 2011 omission. Newspaper reading with an aim is far better than aimless skimming and skipping of a literary classic, and I should rather see a boy of mine reading the most sensational dime novel he could lay hands on, with the definite desire and intention of finding out how Bloody Bill got his revenge, than lazily turning over the pages of Scott with no idea of what the story was about. It is to be noted that this date is distinctly later than that of the first laughter of pleasure, though it is not far removed from that of the first clear appearance of the laughter of gaiety or jubilation. And these are only random examples. ‘One touch of nature makes the whole world kin.’ But it must be the genuine touch of nature, not the outward flourishes and varnish of art. It is rather, How and by what means shall the development go on? These are all technical matters and are of sufficient magnitude to require all of the time and strength of those to whom they are entrusted…. As I have attempted to show, the only real or _a priori_ duty which a man can prove he owes to himself, and therefore has a right to place before any other clear duty derived from the fact of his membership of any community or corporate body, is his obligation not to violate Truth, which is a statement of reality, _not of opinion_.